Centria Autism Services Oregon

Centria Autism Services Oregon

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Centria Autism Services Oregon

Autism Symptoms in Children

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) can appear different in different men and women. It's a developmental disability that affects the way people communicate, behave, or interact with others. There's no single cause for this, and symptoms can be very mild or very severe.

Some kids who are on the spectrum begin showing signs as young as a few months old. Other people seem to have normal development for the first few months or years of their lives and then they start showing symptoms. |}

However, up to half of parents of children with ASD noticed issues by the time Their child reached 12 weeks, and between 80% and 90% detected problems by 2 years. Children with ASD will have symptoms throughout their lives, but it is possible for them to get better as they get older.


The autism
|} Spectrum is very wide. Some people might have quite noticeable issues, others may not. The common thread is differences in social skills, communication, and behavior compared with individuals that aren't on the spectrum.

While autism Is usually a life-long condition, all children and adults benefit from interventions, or therapies, that can reduce symptoms and increase skills and abilities. Even though it is best to begin intervention when possible, the benefits of treatment can continue throughout life. {

Potential signs of autism at any age:

Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
Struggles with understanding other people's feelings
Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development
keywords or phrases over and over (echolalia)
Gets upset by minor changes in routine or environment
Has highly restricted interests
Performs repetitive behaviors like flapping, rocking or spinning
Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors Social Skills |}

A child with ASD has a hard time interacting with others. Problems with Social skills are a few of the most common signs. {He may want to have close relationships but not know how. |}

If your Child is on the spectrum, he might show some social symptoms by the time he's 8 to 10 months old. |} These may include any of these:

He can't respond to his name by his first birthday.
Playing, sharing, or talking with other people doesn't interest him. {
He prefers to be alone.
He averts or rejects contact.
When he's upset, he doesn't like to be comforted.
He doesn't understand emotions -- his own or others'.



About 40% of
|} Children with autism spectrum disorders don't talk in any way, and between 25% and 30% develop some language skills during infancy but then lose them afterwards.

Most have Some issues with communication, including these:

Delayed speech and language abilities
Flat, robotic talking voice, or singsong voice
Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
Problems with pronouns (saying"you" instead of"I," for example)
Not using or infrequently using common gestures (pointing or waving), rather than responding to them
Inability to remain on topic when speaking or answering questions
Not recognizing sarcasm or joking {

Patterns of Behavior

Children With ASD also act in ways that seem unusual or have interests that aren't typical. {Examples of this can include:

Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling
Constant moving and"hyper" behavior
Fixations on certain activities or objects
Specific routines or rituals (and getting upset when a pattern is changed, even slightly)
Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and noise
Not taking part in"make-believe" drama or imitating others' behaviors
Fussy eating habits
Lack of coordination, clumsiness
Impulsiveness (acting without thinking)
Aggressive behavior, both with self and others
Short attention span |}{

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Spotting Signs and Symptoms

The earlier Treatment for autism spectrum disorder begins, the more like it is to be effective. That's why understanding how to identify the signs and symptoms is so important.

Make an Appointment with your child's pediatrician if he doesn't meet these particular developmental milestones, or if he meets but loses them later on:

Smiles by 6 weeks
Imitates facial expressions or sounds by 9 weeks
Coos or babbles by 12 weeks
Gestures (waves or points ) by 14 weeks
Speaks with single words by 16 months and uses phrases of two words or more by 24 weeks
Plays pretend or"make-believe" by 18 weeks {

Social Challenges

Typically They gaze at faces, turn toward voices, grasp a finger and also smile by two to three months of age. comparison, most children who develop autism have difficulty engaging in the give-and-take of everyday human interactions. |} By 8 to 10 weeks of age, many infants who go on to develop autism are showing some symptoms like failure to respond to their names, reduced interest in people and delayed babbling. By toddlerhood, many children with disabilities have difficulty playing social games, don't imitate the actions of others and prefer to play alone. might fail to seek comfort or respond to parents' displays of anger or affection in normal ways


Research Suggests that children with disabilities are attached to their parents. However the way they express this attachment can be unusual. To parents, it may seem like their child is disconnected. Both children and adults with autism also tend to have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking and feeling. Subtle social cures like a smile, wave or grimace may convey little meaning. To a person who misses these social cues, a statement such as"Come here!" indicate the same thing, regardless of whether the speaker is smiling and extending her arms for a hug or frowning and planting her fists on her hips. |} Without the ability to interpret gestures and facial expressions, the social world can seem bewildering.

Many persons With autism have similar difficulty seeing things from another person's perspective. Most five year olds understand that other individuals have different ideas, feelings and goals than they have. A person with autism may lack such understanding. |} This, in turn, can interfere with the ability to predict or understand another person's actions. |}

It is common -- although not universal -- for those with disabilities to have difficulty regulating emotions. This can take the kind of apparently"immature" behavior such as crying or having outbursts in inappropriate conditions. In addition, it can lead to disruptive and physically aggressive behavior. The tendency to"lose control" may be particularly pronounced in unfamiliar, overwhelming or frustrating situations. Frustration can also result in self-injurious behaviors such as head banging, hair pulling or self-biting.


Communication Difficulties

By age One of the earliest is babbling. By the first birthday, most typically developing toddlers say a word or two, turn and look when they hear their names, point to objects they want or want to show to somebody (not all cultures use pointing in this manner ). When offered something distasteful, they can make clear -- by expression or sound -- that the answer is"no."

By contrast, Young children with autism have a tendency to be delayed in babbling and talking and learning how to use gestures. {Some infants who later develop autism coo and babble during the first few months of life before losing these communicative behaviors. |} Other people experience significant language delays and don't begin to talk until much later. With therapy, but most individuals with disabilities do learn to use spoken language and all can learn how to communicate.

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Many Nonverbal or almost nonverbal children and adults learn how to use communication systems such as images (image at left), sign language, electronic word processors or even speech-generating devices.

When Language begins to grow, the individual with autism may use language in unusual ways. Some have difficulty combining words into meaningful sentences. They may speak only single words or repeat the same phrase again and again.

Some mildly Affected children exhibit only slight delays in language or perhaps develop precocious language and unusually large vocabularies -- yet have difficulty sustaining a conversation. Some adults and children with disabilities tend to carry on monologues on a favorite subject, giving others small chance to comment. In other words, the normal"give and take" of dialogue proves difficult. Some children with ASD with superior language skills tend to talk like little professors, failing to pick up on the"kid-speak" that's common among their peers.

Another Common difficulty is the inability to understand body language, tone of voice and expressions that aren't supposed to be taken literally. |} For example, even an adult with disabilities might interpret a sarcastic"Oh, that's just wonderful!" As meaning it is actually great.

Conversely, someone affected by autism may not exhibit typical body language. Facial expressions, movements and gestures may not match what they're saying. Some use a high-pitched sing-song or a horizontal, robot-like voice. This can make it hard for others know what they want and need. This failed communication, in turn, can cause frustration and inappropriate behavior (such as screaming or catching ) on the part of the individual with autism. Fortunately, there are proven techniques for helping children and adults with disabilities learn better ways to express their needs. As the individual with autism learns to communicate what he or she desires, challenging behaviors often subside.


Repetitive Behaviors

Unusual Repetitive behaviors and/or a propensity to engage in a restricted range of actions are another core symptom of autism. Common repetitive behaviors include hand-flapping, rocking, jumping and twirling, arranging and rearranging objects, and repeating sounds, words, or phrases. |} Sometimes the repetitive behavior is self-stimulating, like wiggling fingers in front of the eyes.

The tendency To engage in a restricted range of activities can be seen in the way that lots of children with disabilities play with toys. Some spend hours lining up toys in a particular way instead of using them for pretend play. Similarly, some adults are preoccupied with having family or other objects in a predetermined order or place. {It can prove extremely upsetting if someone or something disrupts the order. |} Along these lines many children and adults with disabilities need and require extreme consistency in their environment and daily routine. {Slight changes can be extremely stressful and lead to outbursts


Repetitive Behaviors can take the kind of intense preoccupations, or obsessions. These extreme interests can prove even more unusual for their content (e.g. fans, vacuum cleaner or bathrooms ) or depth of knowledge (e.g. understanding and repeating astonishingly detailed information about Thomas the Tank Engine or astronomy). Older children and adults with disabilities may develop tremendous interest in symbols, numbers, dates or science topics.


Associated Medical Conditions

Thanks to related to ASD. |} {You can explore these studies here. |} study is reflected in the comprehensive care model at the heart of our Autism Treatment Network(ATN) clinics. |} To discover if there's an ATN clinic close to you, click here. For in depth information on medical conditions, please visit our website's related pages:"Treatments for Associated Medical Conditions" and"What Treatments are Available for Speech, Language and Motor Impairments," in addition to the information below.

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Genetic Disorders

Some Children with autism have an identifiable genetic condition which affects brain development. While further study is required, single gene disorders seem to affect 15 to 20 percent of those with ASD. Some of these syndromes have characteristic features or family histories, the existence of which may prompt your physician to consult with a geneticist or neurologist for further testing. The results can help guide treatment, awareness of associated medical issues and lifestyle planning.

Gastrointestinal {(GI) Disorders


GI distress is common among persons with autism, and affects up to 85 percent of children with ASD. These conditions vary in seriousness from a trend for chronic constipation or diarrhea to inflammatory bowel disease. Pain brought on by GI issues can prompt behavioral changes like increased self calming (rocking, head banging, etc) or outbursts of aggression or self-injury. Alternately, proper treatment can improve behavior and quality of life. Please visit our remedy section on"Gastrointestinal Disorders." It includes discussion of nutritional supplements that are popular. Thanks to donor support, Autism Speaks continues to finance research into causes and treatments.

Seizure Disorders

Seizure It is more common in people with disabilities who also have intellectual disability than those without. Someone with autism may experience more than 1 type of seizure. The easiest to recognize is the grand mal, or tonic-clonic, seizure. Others include"petit mal" seizures (when a individual temporarily seems"absent") and subclinical seizures, which may be apparent only with electroencephalogram (EEG) testing.

Seizures Associated with autism tend to begin in either early childhood or adolescence. But they may occur at any moment. If you are concerned that your child may be having seizures, it is important to raise the issue with your physician for possible referral to a neurologist for further evaluation.

Sleep Dysfunction

Sleep Problems are common among children and teens with disabilities and may likewise affect many adults. To find out more and helpful advice, see our ATN Sleep Plans Tool Kit (available for free download).

Sensory {Processing Problems


Many persons They have difficulty processing and integrating sensory information, or stimuli, like sights, sounds smells, tastes and/or movement. They may experience apparently ordinary stimuli as painful, unpleasant or confusing. (Explore our donor-funded research on causes and treatments here.)

Some of Those with disabilities are hypersensitive to sounds or touch, a condition also known as sensory defensiveness. Others are under-responsive, or hyposensitive. An example of hypersensitivity would be the inability to tolerate wearing clothing, being touched or being in a room with normal lighting. Hyposensitivity can include failure to respond when one's name is called. Many sensory processing issues can be addressed with occupational therapy and/or sensory integration treatment. (More information on these therapies, here.)


Pica is a Tendency to consume things that aren't food. Eating non-food items is a normal part of development between the ages of 18 and 24 months. But some children and adults with autism and other developmental disabilities continue to eat things like dirt, clay, chalk or paint chips. Because of this, it is important to check for elevated blood levels of lead in those who persistently mouth fingers or objects which may be infected with this common environmental toxin.

For more Resources and information, please visit our Video Glossary and FAQs and special sections on Diagnosis, Learn the Signs, Treatment, Your Child's Rights, Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS. |} We also offer a number of resource-packed tool kits for free download (here and here). |} They comprise our 100 Day Kit for families that have a child recently diagnosed with autism.