Homeschooling Autistic Child Australia

Homeschooling Autistic Child Australia

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Homeschooling Autistic Child Australia

Autism Symptoms in Children

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) can appear different in different men and women. It's a developmental disability that affects the way people communicate, behave, or socialize with other people. There is no single cause for this, and symptoms can be very mild or very severe.

Some children who are on the spectrum start showing signs as young as a few months old. Others seem to have normal development for the first couple of months or years of their lives and then they start showing symptoms. |}

However, up to half of parents of children with ASD noticed problems by the time Their child reached 12 weeks, and between 80% and 90% detected problems by 2 decades. Children with ASD will have symptoms during their lives, but it's possible for them to get better as they get older.


The autism
|} Spectrum is very wide. Some people might have very noticeable problems, others may not. The common thread is differences in social skills, communication, and behaviour compared with individuals that aren't on the spectrum.

While autism Is usually a life-long condition, all children and adults benefit from interventions, or remedies, that can reduce symptoms and increase skills and abilities. Although it's ideal to begin intervention when possible, the benefits of treatment can continue throughout life. {

Potential signs of autism at any age:

Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
Struggles with understanding other people's feelings
Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development
Repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
Gets upset by minor changes in routine or environment
Has highly restricted interests
Performs repetitive behaviors like flapping, rocking or spinning
Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors Social Skills |}

A child with ASD has difficulty interacting with others. Problems with Social skills are some of the most frequent signs. {He may want to have close relationships but not know how. |}

If your Child is on the spectrum, he might show some social symptoms by the time he's 8 to 10 months old. |} These may include any of the following:

He can not respond to his name by his first birthday.
Playing, sharing, or speaking with other people does not interest him. {
He prefers to be alone.
He averts or rejects contact.
When he's upset, he does not like to be comforted.
He does not know emotions -- his own or others'.



About 40% of
|} Children with autism spectrum disorders do not talk in any way, and between 25% and 30% develop some language abilities during infancy but then lose them later. Some children with ASD start talking later in life.

Most have Some issues with communication, including these:

Delayed speech and language abilities
Flat, robotic speaking voice, or singsong voice
Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
Problems with pronouns (saying"you" rather than"I," for example)
Not using or infrequently using common gestures (pointing or waving), and not responding to them
Inability to remain on topic when talking or answering questions
Not recognizing sarcasm or joking {

Patterns of Behavior

Children With ASD also act in ways that seem unusual or have interests that are not typical. {Examples of this can include:

Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling
Constant moving and"hyper" behavior
Fixations on certain activities or objects
Particular routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and noise
Not participate in"make-believe" play or imitating others' behaviours
Fussy eating habits
Lack of coordination, clumsiness
Impulsiveness (acting without thinking)
Aggressive behavior, both with self and others
Short attention span |}{

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Spotting Signs and Symptoms

The earlier Treatment for autism spectrum disorder begins, the more like it's to succeed. That's why knowing how to identify the signs and symptoms is so vital.

Make an Appointment with your child's pediatrician if he does not meet these particular developmental milestones, or when he meets but loses them later on:

Smiles by 6 months
Imitates facial expressions or sounds by 9 months
Coos or babbles by 12 months
Gestures (points or waves) by 14 months
Speaks with single words by 16 months and uses phrases of two words or more by 24 months
Plays feign or"make-believe" by 18 months {

Social Challenges

Typically developing infants are social by nature. They gaze at faces, turn toward voices, grasp a finger and also smile by two to three months of age. comparison, most children who develop autism have difficulty engaging in the give-and-take of everyday human interactions. |} By 8 to 10 weeks of age, many babies who go on to develop autism are showing some symptoms like failure to respond to their names, reduced interest in people and delayed babbling. From toddlerhood, many children with autism have trouble playing social games, do not imitate the actions of others and prefer to play alone. might fail to seek comfort or respond to parents' displays of anger or affection in normal ways


Research Suggests that children with autism are attached to their parents. However the way they say this attachment could be unusual. To parents, it may seem as if their child is disconnected. Both children and adults with disabilities also tend to have trouble interpreting what others are thinking and feeling. Subtle social cures like a smile, wave or grimace may convey little meaning. To a man who misses these social cues, a statement like"Come here!" May mean the same thing, regardless of whether the speaker is smiling and extending her arms for a hug or frowning and planting her fists on her hips. |} Without the ability to interpret gestures and facial expressions, the social world can seem bewildering.

Many persons With autism have comparable difficulty seeing things from another person's perspective. Most five year olds understand that other individuals have different thoughts, feelings and goals than they have. Someone with autism may lack such understanding. |} the other individual's actions. |}

It is common -- although not universal -- for those with autism to have difficulty regulating emotions. This can take the kind of seemingly"immature" behavior such as crying or with outbursts in inappropriate conditions. In addition, it can lead to disruptive and physically aggressive behaviour. The tendency to"lose control" may be especially pronounced in unfamiliar, overwhelming or frustrating situations. Frustration can also bring about self-injurious behaviors like head banging, hair pulling or self-biting.


Communication Difficulties

By age three, most children have passed predictable milestones on the path to learning language. One of the earliest is babbling. By the first birthday, most typically developing toddlers say a word or two, turn and look when they hear their names, point to items they want or want to show to someone (not all cultures use pointing in this way). When offered something distasteful, they could make clear -- by sound or expression -- that the answer is"no."

By contrast, Young children with autism have a tendency to be postponed in babbling and speaking and learning to use gestures. {Some infants who later develop autism coo and babble during the first few months of life before losing these communicative behaviors. |} Others undergo significant language delays and do not begin to talk until much later. With therapy, however, most individuals with autism do learn to use spoken language and all can learn to communicate.

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Many Nonverbal or almost nonverbal children and adults learn to use communication systems such as pictures (picture at left), sign language, electronic word processors or even speech-generating devices.

When Language begins to grow, the individual with autism may use language in unusual ways. Some have trouble combining words into meaningful sentences. They may speak only single words or repeat the same phrase again and again.

Some mildly Affected children exhibit only slight delays in language or perhaps develop precocious language and unusually large vocabularies -- nevertheless have trouble sustaining a conversation. Some children and adults with autism tend to continue monologues on a favorite subject, giving others small opportunity to comment. To put it differently, the ordinary"give and take" of dialogue proves difficult. Some children with ASD with superior language skills tend to talk like little professors, failing to pick up on the"kid-speak" that is common among their peers.

Another Common difficulty is the inability to understand body language, tone of voice and expressions that aren't meant to be taken literally. |} By way of instance, even an adult with autism might interpret a sarcastic"Oh, that is just wonderful!" As meaning it really is great.

Conversely, Facial expressions, movements and gestures may not match what they're saying. Some utilize a sub-par sing-song or a flat, robot-like voice. This can make it difficult for others know what they want and need. This neglected communication, in turn, can lead to frustration and inappropriate behavior (such as crying or grabbing) on the part of the individual with autism. Fortunately, there are proven techniques for helping children and adults with autism learn better ways to express their needs. As the individual with autism learns to convey what he or she desires, challenging behaviors often subside.


Repetitive Behaviors

Unusual Repetitive behaviors and/or a tendency to engage in a restricted selection of activities are another core symptom of autism. Common repetitive behaviors include hand-flapping, rocking, jumping and twirling, arranging and rearranging items, and repeating sounds, words, or phrases. |} Sometimes the repetitive behaviour is self-stimulating, like wiggling fingers in front of the eyes.

The tendency To take part in a restricted selection of activities can be understood in the way that many children with autism play with toys. Some spend hours lining up toys in a particular way rather than using them for pretend play. Similarly, some adults are obsessed with having family or other items in a predetermined order or place. {It can prove extremely upsetting if someone or something disrupts the order. |} Along these lines many children and adults with autism need and require intense consistency in their environment and daily routine. {Slight changes can be extremely stressful and lead to outbursts


Repetitive Behaviors can take the kind of intense preoccupations, or obsessions. These extreme interests can prove all the more unusual for their content (e.g. fans, vacuum cleaner or toilets) or depth of knowledge (e.g. knowing and replicating astonishingly detailed information about Thomas the Tank Engine or astronomy). Older children and adults with autism may develop tremendous interest in numbers, symbols, dates or mathematics topics.


Associated Medical Conditions

Thanks to related to ASD. |} {You can research these studies here. |} study is reflected in the comprehensive care model at the heart of our Autism Treatment Network(ATN) clinics. |} To discover whether there's an ATN clinic close to you, click here. For in depth information on medical conditions, please visit our site's related pages:"Treatments for Associated Medical Conditions" and"What Treatments are Available for Speech, Language and Motor Impairments," along with the information below.

Genetic Disorders

Some Children with autism have an identifiable genetic condition that affects brain development. While further study is needed, single gene disorders appear to affect 15 to 20 percent of those with ASD. Some of these syndromes have characteristic features or family histories, the existence of which may prompt your doctor to consult with a geneticist or neurologist for further testing. The results can help guide treatment, awareness of associated medical issues and life planning.

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Gastrointestinal {(GI) Disorders


GI distress is common among persons with autism, and affects up to 85 percent of children with ASD. These conditions vary in seriousness from a tendency for chronic constipation or diarrhea to inflammatory bowel disease. Pain caused by GI problems can prompt behavioral changes like increased self soothing (rocking, head banging, etc) or outbursts of aggression or self-injury. Alternately, proper treatment can improve behaviour and quality of life. Please visit our remedy section on"Gastrointestinal Disorders." It includes discussion of nutritional supplements that are popular. As a result of donor assistance, Autism Speaks has been fund research into causes and treatments.

Seizure Disorders

Seizure disorders, including epilepsy, occur in as many as 39 percent of those with autism. It is more common in people with autism who also have intellectual impairment than those without. Someone with autism may experience more than one type of seizure. The easiest to recognize is the grand mal, or tonic-clonic, seizure. Others include"petit mal" seizures (when a individual temporarily seems"absent") and subclinical seizures, which may be apparent only with electroencephalogram (EEG) testing.

Seizures Associated with autism tend to start in early childhood or adolescence. But they may occur at any moment. If you're worried that you or your child might be having seizures, it's necessary to raise the matter with your doctor for possible referral to a neurologist for further evaluation.

Sleep Dysfunction

Sleep Problems are common among children and adolescents with autism and may likewise affect many adults. To find out more and helpful guidance, see our ATN Sleep Strategies Tool Kit (available for free download).

Sensory {Processing Problems


Many persons They have difficulty processing and integrating sensory information, or stimuli, like sights, sounds smells, tastes and/or motion. They may experience seemingly ordinary stimuli as painful, unpleasant or confusing. (Explore our donor-funded study on causes and treatments here.)

Some of Those with autism are hypersensitive to sounds or touch, a condition also known as sensory defensiveness. Others are under-responsive, or hyposensitive. An instance of hypersensitivity would be the inability to tolerate wearing clothes, being touched or being in a room with normal lighting. Hyposensitivity can include failure to respond when one's name is called. Many sensory processing issues can be addressed with work-related therapy or sensory integration treatment. (More info on these therapies, here.)


Pica is a Tendency to consume things that aren't food. Eating non-food things is a normal part of development between the ages of 18 and 24 months. But some children and adults with autism and other developmental disabilities continue to eat items such as dirt, clay, chalk or paint chips. For this reason, it's necessary to test for elevated blood levels of lead in those who persistently mouth fingers or items which may be infected with this common environmental toxin.

For more Resources and information, please visit our Video Glossary and FAQs and special sections on Identification , Learn the Signs, Treatment, Your Child's Rights, Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS. |} lots of resource-packed tool kits for free download (here and here). |} They comprise our 100 Day Kit for families that have a child recently diagnosed with autism. These resources are made possible through the generous support of our families, volunteers and other donors.