Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Autism

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Autism

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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Autism

Autism Symptoms in Children

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) can appear different in different men and women. It's a developmental disability that affects the way people communicate, behave, or interact with others. There is no single cause for it, and symptoms can be very mild or very severe.

Some kids who are on the spectrum start showing signs as young as a few months old. Others appear to have normal development for the first couple of months or years of their lives and then they start showing symptoms. |}

But up to half of parents of children with ASD noticed problems by the time Their child attained 12 months, and between 80% and 90% noticed problems by 2 decades. Children with ASD will have symptoms during their lives, but it is possible for them to get better as they get older.


The autism
|} Spectrum is extremely wide. Some people might have very noticeable problems, others might not. The common thread is differences in social skills, communication, and behaviour compared with individuals that aren't on the spectrum.

While autism Is usually a life-long condition, all children and adults benefit from interventions, or therapies, that can reduce symptoms and improve skills and abilities. Although it is ideal to begin intervention as soon as possible, the benefits of treatment may continue throughout life. {

Possible signs of autism at any age:

Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
Struggles with understanding other people's feelings
Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development
Repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
Gets upset by minor changes in routine or surroundings
Has highly restricted interests
Performs repetitive behaviors such as flapping, rocking or spinning
Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lighting and/or colours Social Skills |}

A child with ASD has difficulty interacting with others. Problems with Social skills are a few of the most common signs. {He might want to have close relationships but not know how. |}

If your he is 8 to 10 months old. |} These may include any of these:

He can not respond to his name by his first birthday.
Playing, sharing, or speaking with other people doesn't interest him. {
He prefers to be alone.
He avoids or rejects contact.
When he's upset, he doesn't like to be comforted.
He doesn't understand emotions -- his own or others'.



About 40% of
|} Children with autism spectrum disorders don't talk at all, and between 25% and 30% develop some language abilities during infancy but then lose them afterwards.

Most have Some issues with communication, such as these:

Delayed speech and language skills
Flat, robotic talking voice, or singsong voice
Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
Problems with pronouns (saying"you" instead of"I," for example)
Not using or rarely using common gestures (pointing or waving), and not responding to them
Inability to stay on topic when speaking or answering questions
Not recognizing sarcasm or joking {

Patterns of Behavior

Children With ASD also act in ways that seem odd or have interests that are not typical. {Examples of this may include:

Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling
Constant moving and"hyper" behavior
Fixations on certain actions or objects
Particular routines or rituals (and getting upset when a pattern is changed, even slightly)
Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and noise
Not participate in"make-believe" play or imitating others' behaviors
Fussy eating habits
Lack of coordination, clumsiness
Impulsiveness (acting without thinking)
Aggressive behavior, both with self and others
Short attention span |}{

Spotting Signs and Symptoms

READ  Autism Speaks Early Signs

The earlier Treatment for autism spectrum disorder begins, the more like it is to succeed. That's why knowing how to recognize the signs and symptoms is so vital.

Make an Appointment with your child's pediatrician if he doesn't meet these particular developmental milestones, or when he matches but loses them later on:

Smiles by 6 months
Imitates facial expressions or noises by 9 months
Coos or babbles by 12 months
Gestures (waves or points ) by 14 months
Speaks with single words by 16 months and uses phrases of 2 words or more by 24 months
Plays pretend or"make-believe" by 18 months {

Social Challenges

Typically developing infants are social by nature. They gaze at faces, turn toward voices, grasp a finger and also smile by two to three months of age. By contrast, most children who develop autism have difficulty engaging in the give-and-take of everyday human interactions. |} By 8 to 10 months of age, many babies who go on to develop autism are showing some symptoms such as failure to respond to their names, reduced interest in people and delayed babbling. By toddlerhood, many children with autism have difficulty playing social games, don't imitate the actions of others and prefer to play alone. They may fail to seek comfort or respond to parents' displays of anger or affection in normal ways


Research Suggests that children with autism are attached to their parents. However the way they express this attachment can be unusual. To parents, it may seem as if their child is disconnected. Both children and adults with disabilities also tend to have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking and feeling. Subtle social cures such as a smile, wave or grimace may convey little meaning. To a person who misses these social cues, a statement like"Come here!" May mean the same thing, regardless of whether the speaker is smiling and extending her arms for a hug or frowning and planting her fists on her hips. |} Without the ability to interpret gestures and facial expressions, the social world can seem bewildering.

Many persons With disabilities have comparable difficulty seeing things from another person's perspective. Most five year olds understand that other individuals have different thoughts, feelings and goals than they have. A person with autism may lack such understanding. |} This, in turn, can interfere with the ability to predict or understand another individual's actions. |}

It is common -- although not universal -- for those with autism to have difficulty regulating emotions. This can take the form of apparently"immature" behavior such as crying or having outbursts in inappropriate situations. In addition, it can lead to disruptive and physically aggressive behaviour. The tendency to"lose control" may be particularly pronounced in unfamiliar, overwhelming or frustrating circumstances. Frustration can also bring about self-injurious behaviors such as head banging, hair pulling or self-biting.


Communication Difficulties

By age One of the earliest is babbling. By the first birthday, most typically developing toddlers say a word or two, turn and look when they hear their names, point to objects they want or would like to reveal to somebody (not all cultures use pointing in this manner ). When offered something distasteful, they can make clear -- by expression or sound -- that the answer is"no."

By contrast, Young children with autism have a tendency to be postponed in babbling and talking and learning to use gestures. {Some infants who later develop autism coo and babble during the first few months of life before losing these communicative behaviors. |} Others experience significant language delays and don't start to talk until much later. With therapy, however, most individuals with autism do learn to use spoken language and all can learn to communicate.

Many Nonverbal or nearly nonverbal children and adults learn to use communication systems such as pictures (image at left), sign language, electronic word processors or even speech-generating devices.

READ  How To Help A Child With Autism Learn

When Language begins to develop, the individual with autism may use language in unusual ways. Some have difficulty combining words into meaningful sentences. They may speak only single words or repeat the same phrase over and over.

Some mildly Affected children exhibit only slight delays in language or even create precocious language and unusually large vocabularies -- yet have trouble sustaining a conversation. Some children and adults with autism tend to carry on monologues on a favorite subject, giving others little chance to comment. In other words, the normal"give and take" of dialogue proves difficult. Some children with ASD with superior language skills tend to talk like little professors, failing to pick up on the"kid-speak" that's common among their peers.

Another Common difficulty is the inability to understand body language, tone of voice and expressions that aren't supposed to be taken literally. |} By way of instance, an adult with autism might interpret a sarcastic"Oh, that's just great!" As meaning it really is terrific.

Conversely, Facial expressions, movements and expressions may not match what they are saying. Their tone of voice may fail to reflect their feelings. Some use a high-pitched sing-song or a horizontal, robot-like voice. This can make it hard for others know what they want and desire. This failed communication, in turn, may cause frustration and inappropriate behavior (such as screaming or catching ) on the part of the individual with autism. Fortunately, there are proven techniques for helping children and adults with autism learn better ways to express their requirements. As the individual with autism learns to convey what he or she wants, challenging behaviors often subside.


Repetitive Behaviors

Unusual Repetitive behaviors and/or a propensity to engage in a restricted selection of activities are another core symptom of autism. Common repetitive behaviors include hand-flapping, rocking, jumping and twirling, arranging and rearranging objects, and repeating sounds, words, or phrases. |} Sometimes the repetitive behaviour is self-stimulating, such as wiggling fingers in front of the eyes.

The tendency To take part in a restricted selection of activities can be understood in the way that many children with autism play with toys. Some spend hours lining up toys in a particular way instead of using them for pretend play. Similarly, some adults are preoccupied with having household or other objects in a predetermined order or place. {It may prove extremely upsetting if someone or something disrupts the order. |} Along these lines many children and adults with autism need and require intense consistency in their environment and daily routine. {Slight changes can be extremely stressful and lead to outbursts


Repetitive Behaviors can take the form of intense preoccupations, or obsessions. These intense interests can prove all the more unusual for their content (e.g. fans, vacuum cleaners or toilets) or depth of knowledge (e.g. knowing and repeating astonishingly detailed information about Thomas the Tank Engine or astronomy). Older children and adults with autism may develop enormous interest in numbers, symbols, dates or mathematics topics.


Associated Medical Conditions

Thanks to related to ASD. |} {You may explore these studies here. |} This research is reflected in the comprehensive care model at the center of our Autism Treatment Network(ATN) clinics. |} To discover if there is an ATN clinic close to you, click here. For in depth information on medical conditions, please visit our website's related pages:"Remedies for Associated Medical Conditions" and"What Treatments are Available for Speech, Language and Motor Impairments," along with the information below.

Genetic Disorders

Some Children with autism have an identifiable genetic condition which affects brain development. These genetic disorders include Fragile X syndrome, Angelman syndrome, tuberous sclerosis and chromosome 15 duplication syndrome and other single-gene and chromosomal disorders. While further study is needed, single gene disorders seem to affect 15 to 20 percent of those with ASD. Some of these syndromes have characteristic features or family histories, the presence of which might prompt your physician to consult with a geneticist or neurologist for additional testing. The results can help guide treatment, awareness of associated medical issues and lifestyle planning.

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Gastrointestinal {(GI) Disorders


GI distress is common among persons with autism, and affects up to 85 percent of children with ASD. These conditions vary in severity from a tendency for chronic diarrhea or constipation to inflammatory bowel disease. Pain caused by GI problems can prompt behavioral changes such as increased self calming (rocking, head banging, etc) or outbursts of aggression or self-injury. Conversely, appropriate treatment can improve behaviour and quality of life. Please visit our remedy section on"Gastrointestinal Disorders." It includes discussion of popular dietary interventions. As a result of donor support, Autism Speaks has been finance research into causes and treatments.

Seizure Disorders

Seizure disorders, including epilepsy, occur in as many as 39 percent of those with autism. It is more common in people with autism who also have intellectual disability than those without. Someone with autism may experience more than one type of seizure. The easiest to recognize is the grand mal, or tonic-clonic, seizure. Others include"petit mal" seizures (when a individual temporarily appears"absent") and subclinical seizures, which might be apparent only with electroencephalogram (EEG) testing.

Seizures Associated with autism tend to start in either early childhood or adolescence. But they might occur at any moment. If you're worried that your child might be having seizures, it is important to raise the matter with your physician for possible referral to a neurologist for further evaluation.

Sleep Dysfunction

Sleep Problems are common among children and adolescents with autism and might likewise affect many adults. For more information and helpful guidance, see our ATN Sleep Plans Tool Kit (available for free download).

Sensory {Processing Problems


Many persons They have difficulty processing and integrating sensory information, or stimuli, such as sights, sounds smells, tastes and/or movement. They may experience apparently ordinary stimuli as painful, unpleasant or confusing. (Explore our donor-funded study on causes and remedies here.)

Some of Those with autism are hypersensitive to sounds or touch, a condition also known as sensory defensiveness. An instance of hypersensitivity would be the inability to tolerate wearing clothes, being touched or being in a room with normal lighting. Hyposensitivity may include failure to respond when one's name is called. Many sensory processing issues can be addressed with occupational therapy and/or sensory integration treatment. (More info on these therapies, here.)


Pica is a Tendency to consume things that aren't food. Eating non-food things is a normal part of development between the ages of 18 and 24 months. However, some children and adults with autism and other developmental disabilities continue to eat items such as dirt, clay, chalk or paint chips. Because of this, it is important to test for elevated blood levels of lead in those who persistently mouth fingers or objects which may be infected with this common environmental toxin.

For more Information and resources, please visit our Video Glossary and FAQs and special sections on Identification , Learn the Signs, Treatment, Your Child's Rights, Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS. |} lots of resource-packed tool kits for free download (here and here). |} They comprise our 100 Day Kit for families that have a child recently diagnosed with autism. These resources are made possible through the generous support of our families, volunteers and other donors.