Temple Grandin Thinking In Pictures Youtube

Temple Grandin Thinking In Pictures Youtube

Posted on

Temple Grandin Thinking In Pictures Youtube

Autism Symptoms in Children

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) can look different in different men and women. It's a developmental disability that affects the way people communicate, behave, or interact with others. There is no single cause for it, and symptoms can be very mild or very severe.

Some children who are on the spectrum start showing signs as young as a few months old. Other people seem to have normal development for the first couple of months or years of their lives and then they start showing symptoms. |}

But up to half of parents of children with ASD noticed issues by the time Their child attained 12 months, and between 80% and 90% detected problems by 2 decades. Children with ASD will have symptoms during their lives, but it's possible for them to get better as they get older.

{

The autism
|} Spectrum is extremely wide. Some people might have quite noticeable issues, others might not. The common thread is differences in social skills, communication, and behavior compared with individuals who aren't on the spectrum.

While autism Is normally a lifelong condition, all children and adults benefit from interventions, or therapies, that can reduce symptoms and improve skills and abilities. Even though it is ideal to begin intervention as soon as possible, the benefits of therapy may continue throughout life. {

Possible signs of autism at any age:

Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
Struggles with understanding other people's feelings
Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development
Repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
Gets upset by minor changes in routine or environment
Has highly restricted interests
Performs repetitive behaviours such as flapping, rocking or spinning
Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colours Social Skills |}

A child with ASD has difficulty interacting with others. Problems with Social skills are a few of the most common signs. {He might want to have close relationships but not know how. |}

If your Child is on the spectrum, he might show some social symptoms by the time he's 8 to 10 months old. |} These may include any of these:

He can't respond to his name by his first birthday.
Playing, sharing, or talking with other people does not interest him. {
He prefers to be alone.
|}
He avoids or rejects contact.
When he is upset, he does not like to be comforted.
He does not know emotions -- his own or others'.

Communication

{

About 40% of
|} Kids with autism spectrum disorders don't talk in any way, and between 25% and 30% develop some language skills during infancy but then lose them later. Some children with ASD start talking later in life.

Most have Some issues with communication, such as these:

Delayed speech and language abilities
Flat, robotic talking voice, or singsong voice
Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
Problems with pronouns (saying"you" rather than"I," for example)
Not using or infrequently using shared gestures (pointing or waving), rather than responding to them
Inability to stay on topic when speaking or answering questions
Not recognizing sarcasm or joking {

Patterns of Behavior
|}

Children With ASD also behave in ways that seem odd or have interests that aren't typical. {Examples of this may include:

Repetitive behaviors such as hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling
Constant moving and"hyper" behavior
Fixations on certain actions or objects
Particular routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and noise
Not taking part in"make-believe" play or imitating others' behaviours
Fussy eating habits
Lack of coordination, clumsiness
Impulsiveness (acting without thinking)
Aggressive behavior, both with self and others
Short attention span |}{

READ  Autism Schools In Baltimore Md

Spotting Signs and Symptoms
|}

The earlier Treatment for autism spectrum disorder begins, the more like it is to be effective. That's why knowing how to identify the signs and symptoms is so important.

Make an Appointment with your child's pediatrician if he does not meet these specific developmental milestones, or when he matches but loses them later on:

Smiles by 6 months
Imitates facial expressions or sounds by 9 months
Coos or babbles by 12 months
Gestures (points or waves) by 14 months
Speaks with single words by 16 months and uses phrases of 2 words or more by 24 months
Plays feign or"make-believe" by 18 months {

Social Challenges
|}

Typically They gaze at faces, turn toward voices, grasp a finger and even smile by two to three months of age. By contrast, most children who develop autism have difficulty engaging in the give-and-take of everyday human interactions. |} By 8 to 10 months of age, many infants who go on to develop autism are showing some symptoms such as failure to respond to their names, reduced interest in people and delayed babbling. From toddlerhood, many children with disabilities have trouble playing social games, don't imitate the actions of others and prefer to play alone. might fail to seek comfort or respond to parents' displays of anger or affection in typical ways

|}

Research Suggests that children with disabilities are attached to their parents. However the way they express this attachment could be unusual. To parents, it may seem as if their child is disconnected. Both children and adults with autism also tend to have trouble interpreting what others are feeling and thinking. Subtle social cures such as a smile, wave or grimace may convey little meaning. To a person who misses these social cues, a statement such as"Come here!" indicate the same thing, irrespective of whether the speaker is smiling and extending her arms for a hug or frowning and planting her fists on her hips. |}

Many persons With autism have comparable difficulty seeing things from another person's perspective. Most five year olds understand that other individuals have different ideas, feelings and goals than they have. Someone with autism may lack such understanding. |} the other individual's actions. |}

It is common -- although not universal -- for those with disabilities to have difficulty regulating emotions. This can take the form of apparently"immature" behavior such as crying or with outbursts in inappropriate situations. It can also lead to disruptive and physically aggressive behavior. The tendency to"lose control" may be especially pronounced in unfamiliar, overwhelming or frustrating circumstances. Frustration can also result in self-injurious behaviors such as head banging, hair pulling or self-biting.

{

Communication Difficulties
|}

By age Among the earliest is babbling. By the first birthday, most typically developing toddlers say a word or two, turn and look when they hear their names, point to items they want or would like to show to somebody (not all cultures use pointing in this manner ). When offered something distasteful, they could make clear -- by sound or expression -- that the answer is"no."

By contrast, Young children with autism tend to be delayed in babbling and talking and learning to use gestures. {Some infants who later develop autism coo and babble during the first few months of life before losing these communicative behaviours. |} Other people experience significant language delays and don't begin to speak until much later. With therapy, but most individuals with disabilities do learn to use spoken language and all can learn to communicate.

Many Nonverbal or almost nonverbal children and adults learn to use communication systems such as images (picture at left), sign language, electronic word processors or even speech-generating devices.

READ  University Of Houston Autism Center

When Language begins to grow, the person with autism may use speech in unusual ways. Some have trouble combining words into meaningful sentences. They may speak only single words or repeat the same phrase over and over.

Some mildly Affected children exhibit only slight delays in language or perhaps develop precocious language and unusually large vocabularies -- yet have trouble sustaining a conversation. Some children and adults with disabilities often continue monologues on a favorite subject, giving others little chance to comment. To put it differently, the ordinary"give and take" of conversation proves difficult. Some children with ASD with superior language skills often speak like little professors, failing to pick up on the"kid-speak" that's common among their peers.

Another Common difficulty is the inability to understand body language, tone of voice and expressions that aren't meant to be taken literally. |} For instance, an adult with disabilities might interpret a sarcastic"Oh, that's just wonderful!" As meaning it is actually terrific.

Conversely, Facial expressions, movements and expressions may not match what they're saying. Their tone of voice may fail to reflect their feelings. Some use a high-pitched sing-song or a flat, robot-like voice. This can make it hard for others know what they want and need. This failed communication, in turn, may cause frustration and inappropriate behavior (such as crying or grabbing) on the part of the person with autism. Fortunately, there are proven methods for helping children and adults with disabilities learn better ways to express their requirements. As the person with autism learns to convey what he or she wants, challenging behaviors often subside.

{

Repetitive Behaviors
|}

Unusual Repetitive behaviors and/or a propensity to participate in a restricted selection of activities are another core symptom of autism. Common repetitive behaviors include hand-flapping, rocking, jumping and twirling, arranging and rearranging items, and repeating sounds, words, or phrases. |} Sometimes the repetitive behavior is self-stimulating, such as wiggling fingers in front of the eyes.

The tendency To take part in a restricted selection of activities can be understood in the way that many children with disabilities play with toys. Some spend hours lining up toys in a specific way rather than using them for pretend play. Similarly, some adults are obsessed with having household or other items in a predetermined order or place. {It may prove extremely upsetting if someone or something disrupts the order. |} Along these lines many children and adults with disabilities need and demand extreme consistency in their environment and daily routine. {Slight changes can be extremely stressful and lead to outbursts

|}

Repetitive Behaviors can take the form of intense preoccupations, or obsessions. These intense interests can prove even more unusual for their content (e.g. fans, vacuum cleaners or bathrooms ) or depth of knowledge (e.g. knowing and repeating astonishingly detailed information about Thomas the Tank Engine or astronomy). Older children and adults with disabilities may develop tremendous interest in numbers, symbols, dates or science topics.

{

Associated Medical Conditions
|}

Thanks to Donor support, Autism Speaks continues to fund research into the causes and treatment of the medical conditions associated with ASD. |} {You may explore these studies here. |} This research is reflected in the comprehensive care model at the center of our Autism Treatment Network(ATN) clinics. |} To discover if there is an ATN clinic near you, click here. For in depth information on medical conditions, please visit our site's related pages:"Treatments for Associated Medical Conditions" and"What Treatments are Available for Speech, Language and Motor Impairments," in addition to the information below.

Genetic Disorders

Some Children with autism have an identifiable genetic condition which affects brain development. These genetic disorders include Fragile X syndrome, Angelman syndrome, tuberous sclerosis and chromosome 15 duplication syndrome and other single-gene and chromosomal disorders. While further study is needed, single gene disorders appear to affect 15 to 20 percent of those with ASD. Some of these syndromes have characteristic features or family histories, the presence of which may prompt your doctor to consult with a geneticist or neurologist for further testing. The results can help guide treatment, awareness of related medical issues and life planning.

READ  Autism Awareness Shirt Ideas

Gastrointestinal {(GI) Disorders

|}

GI distress These conditions vary in seriousness from a trend for chronic diarrhea or constipation to inflammatory bowel disease. Pain caused by GI issues can prompt behavioral changes such as increased self soothing (rocking, head banging, etc) or outbursts of aggression or self-injury. Conversely, appropriate treatment can improve behavior and quality of life. Please visit our treatment section on"Gastrointestinal Disorders." It includes discussion of nutritional supplements that are popular. Thanks to donor assistance, Autism Speaks continues to finance research into causes and treatments.

Seizure Disorders

Seizure It is more common in people with disabilities who also have intellectual impairment than those without. Someone with autism may experience more than one type of seizure. The easiest to recognize is your grand mal, or tonic-clonic, seizure. Others include"petit mal" seizures (when a person temporarily seems"absent") and subclinical seizures, which may be apparent only with electroencephalogram (EEG) testing.

Seizures Associated with autism often start in early childhood or adolescence. But they may occur at any moment. If you're concerned that your child may be having seizures, it is important to raise the issue with your doctor for possible referral to a neurologist for further evaluation.

Sleep Dysfunction

Sleep Problems are common among children and adolescents with autism and may likewise affect many adults. To find out more and helpful guidance, see our ATN Sleep Plans Tool Kit (available for free download).

Sensory {Processing Problems

|}

Many persons with autism have unusual responses to sensory input. They have difficulty processing and integrating sensory information, or stimuli, such as sights, sounds smells, tastes and/or motion. They may experience apparently ordinary stimuli as painful, unpleasant or confusing. (Explore our donor-funded study on causes and remedies here.)

Some of Those with disabilities are hypersensitive to sounds or touch, a condition also known as sensory defensiveness. An instance of hypersensitivity are the inability to tolerate wearing clothing, being touched or being in a room with normal lighting. Hyposensitivity may include failure to respond when one's name is called. Many sensory processing issues can be addressed with work-related therapy or sensory integration therapy. (More information on these therapies, here.)

Pica

Pica is a Tendency to eat things that are not food. Eating non-food items is a normal part of development between the ages of 18 and 24 months. But some children and adults with autism and other developmental disabilities continue to eat things like dirt, clay, chalk or paint chips. For this reason, it is important to check for elevated blood levels of lead in those who persistently mouth fingers or items that might be infected with this common environmental toxin.

For more Information and resources, please visit our Video Glossary and FAQs and special sections on Diagnosis, Learn the Signs, Remedy , Your Child's Rights, Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS. |} lots of resource-packed tool kits for free download (here and here). |} They comprise our 100 Day Kit for families who have a child recently diagnosed with autism. These resources are made possible through the generous support of our families, volunteers and other donors.