What is an Anti Depression Medication ? – How Medications Help Treat Depression

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What is an Anti Depression Medication?

anti depression medicationAnti depression medication, sometimes in combination with psychotherapy, tend to be the first treatment people get for depression. If one antidepressant does not work well, you could try another drug of the identical class or a different class of depression medicines altogether. Your doctor might also try changing the dose. In some cases, your physician might recommend taking several medication on your depression.

Depression is a mental health issue that starts frequently during the early adulthood. It’s also more prevalent ladies. However, anyone at ages young and old may deal with depression. Depression affects your brain, so drugs that actually work in your head may prove beneficial. Common antidepressants could help ease your symptoms, but there are numerous other options too. Each drug utilized to treat depression works by balancing certain chemicals in your brain called neurotransmitters. These drugs be employed in slightly various ways to help ease your depression symptoms.

Many common drugs belong to the following drug classes:
• selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
• serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
• tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
• tetracyclic antidepressant
• dopamine reuptake blocker
• 5-HT1A receptor antagonist
• 5-HT2 receptor antagonists
• 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
• monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
• noradrenergic antagonist

Atypical antidepressants, which don’t fall into these drug classes, and natural treatments like St. John’s wort can be found. Read on to find out more about how many of these drugs work along with their potential negative effects.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

anti depression medication starting with eSRIs include the most often prescribed class of antidepressants. An imbalance of serotonin are likely involved in depression. These drugs fight depression symptoms by decreasing serotonin reuptake in your mind. This effect leaves more serotonin accessible to be employed in your head.
SSRIs include:
• sertraline
• fluoxetine
• citalopram

• escitalopram
• paroxetine
• fluvoxamine

Common unwanted effects of SSRIs include:

anti depression medication prozac• nausea
• trouble sleeping
• nervousness
• tremors
• sexual problems

 

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
SNRIs assist in improving serotonin and norepinephrine levels in your mind. This may reduce depression symptoms. These drugs include:
• desvenlafaxine
• duloxetine
• levomilnacipran
• venlafaxine

In addition to treating depression, duloxetine may also relieve pain. This is important because chronic pain can bring about depression or make it worse. In some cases, individuals with depression become more conscious of aches and pains. A drug that treats both depression and pain, for example duloxetine, can help to the telltale people.
Common unwanted side effects of SNRIs include:
• nausea
• drowsiness
• fatigue
• constipation
• dry mouth

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)

over the counter anti depression medication south africa

TCAs are often prescribed when SSRIs or another antidepressants don’t work. It isn’t fully understood how these drugs work to treat depression.
TCAs include:
• amitriptyline
• amoxapine
• clomipramine
• desipramine
• doxepin
• imipramine
• nortriptyline
• protriptyline
• trimipramine

Common unwanted effects of TCAs may include:
• constipation
• dry mouth
• fatigue

The much more serious unwanted effects of the drugs include:
• low blood pressure levels
• irregular heart rate
• seizures

Tetracyclic – Anti Depression Medication

Mapranti depression medication sleepotiline is employed to treat depression and anxiety. It also functions by balancing neurotransmitters to help relieve signs and symptoms of depression.
Common negative effects on this drug include:
• drowsiness
• weakness
• lightheadedness
• headache
• blurry eyesight
• dry mouth

Dopamine reuptake blocker

Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Forfivo, Aplenzin) is often a mild dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake blocker. It’s employed for depression and seasonal affective disorder. It’s also utilized in smoking cessation.
Common negative effects include:
• nausea
• vomiting
• constipation
• dizziness
• blurry vision

5-HT1A receptor antagonist

The drug with this class that’s utilized to treat depression is called vilazodone (Viibryd). It functions by balancing serotonin levels as well as other neurotransmitters. This drug is never used as being a first-line treatment for depression. That means it’s usually only prescribed when other medications didn’t be right for you or caused bothersome side effects.
Side effects may include:
• nausea
• vomiting
• trouble sleeping

5-HT2 receptor antagonists

Two 5-HT2 receptor antagonists, nefazodone and trazodone (Oleptro), are used to treat depression. These are older drugs. They alter chemicals in your brain to help you depression.
Common negative effects include:
• drowsiness
• dizziness
• dry mouth

5-HT3 receptor antagonist
The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist vortioxetine (Brintellix) treats depression by affecting the activity of brain chemicals.
Common negative effects include:
• sexual problems
• nausea

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

MAOIs are older drugs that treat depression. They work by stopping the breakdown of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. They’re more difficult for folks to adopt than the majority of antidepressants because they connect to medications, nonprescription drugs, and several foods. They also can’t be coupled with stimulants or another antidepressants.
MAOIs include:
• isocarboxazid (Marplan)
• phenelzine (Nardil
• selegiline (Emsam), which comes as a transdermal patch
• tranylcypromine

MAOIs also have many unwanted effects. These normally include:
• nausea
• dizziness
• drowsiness
• trouble sleeping
• restlessness

Noradrenergic antagonist

Mirtazapine (Remeron) can be used primarily for depression. It alters certain chemicals in your brain to help relieve depression symptoms.
Common unwanted effects include:
• drowsiness
• dizziness
• extra weight
Atypical medications

Other depression drugs don’t fall into the typical classes. These are called atypical antidepressants. Depending on your complaint, your medical professional may prescribe one of the alternatives instead. For example, olanzapine/fluoxetine (Symbyax) can be an atypical antidepressant. It’s used to treat bipolar disorder and major depression that doesn’t respond to other drugs. Ask your medical professional if the alternative drug treatment is a good selection for you. They can show you more.

Keep reading: Best atypical antipsychotics for treating depression

anti depression medication cost

Natural treatments

You could possibly be interested in natural options to help remedy your depression. Some people start using these treatments rather than drugs, and some rely on them as a possible add-on treatment with their antidepressant medication. St. John’s wort is surely an herb that many people have tried for depression. According to the National Center of Complementary and Integrative Health, the herb may have mild positive effects, or it will not work much better than placebo. This herb also causes many drug interactions which can be serious.
St. John’s wort interacts with:
• antiseizure drugs
• birth control pills
• warfarin (Coumadin)
• prescription antidepressants

Also, certain drugs for depression might not exactly work at the same time for them St. John’s wort. The supplement S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) is yet another natural option that many people have tried to ease their depression symptoms. SAMe might help treat joint, but there’s not much support showing who’s aids in depression. This treatment can also communicate with prescription medications.

When it comes to treating depression, what works for starters person might not exactly help another. Finding the right drug on your depression may take time. Ask your medical professional just how long it must take to your medication to be effective. If your signs and symptoms of depression haven’t improved at the same time, talk to your physician. They may suggest another medication that could possibly be far better in relieving your depression.

Depression Medicines

over the counter anti depression medicationNot only should it take time to get an accurate depression diagnosis, discovering the right medication to treat depression could be a complicated, delicate process. Someone may have a serious medical problem, such as coronary disease or liver or kidney disease, that can make some antidepressants unsafe. The antidepressant may be ineffective in your case or dose inadequate; there might not exactly have been lots of time to see an impact, or unwanted side effects may be too bothersome — resulting in an inability of treatment.

As you approach taking antidepressants to treat depression, you should keep these points planned:
1) Only about 30% of people with depression, go into full remission after taking their first length of antidepressants. That’s based on a 2006 study funded from the National Institutes of Health. Those who became accomplished were very likely to be taking slightly higher doses for longer periods.
2) Some antidepressants are better for many individuals than others. It’s not uncommon to use different depression medicines during treatment.
3) Some individuals need many medicine for depression treatment
4) Antidepressants have a boxed warning about increased risk in comparison to placebo for suicidal thinking and behavior in youngsters, adolescents, and the younger generation 18-24 years old.

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Working with your medical professional, you are able to weigh the potential for loss and great things about treatment and optimize the application of medication that best relieves your symptoms.

Tension {Headache Medicine : Drugs for Migraine and Headache Pain

Articles OnMigraine & Headache Medicines - Medications |} {for Migraine and Headache Pain
Pain Relievers are generally the primary drugs recommended by doctors for migraine and headaches. Many of these medications are over-the-counter, or available without a doctor's prescription, though other headache drugs require a prescription. When choosing these headache medication, avoid products that include caffeine. Any medication containing barbiturates or narcotics should be used sparingly.
Note: if Symptomatic relief medications are used more than twice every week, you should see Your doctor, who may prescribe preventive headache medications. Overuse of Symptomatic medications can actually lead to more frequent headaches or aggravate headache symptoms.Drugs for relief of migraine or headache symptoms include:
Generic Name Brand Name Use Precautions Possible Side Effects
Acetaminophen
Tylenol
Pain relief Few side effects if taken as directed, although they may include: changes in blood counts and liver damage
Aspirin
Bayer, Bufferin, Ecotrin
Pain relief Do not use in children younger than age 14 years due to the potential for Reye's syndrome (a life-threatening neurological condition) Heartburn, gastrointestinal bleeding, bronchospasm or constriction that causes narrowing of the airways, anaphylaxis (life-threatening allergic reaction), ulcers

Fenoprofen
Nalfon
Prevention of tension headaches; migraines; hormone headaches Nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, dizziness, drowsiness
Flurbiprofen
Ansaid
Prevention of tension headaches; migraines. Treatment of tension headache; migraines
Gastrointestinal upset, drowsiness, dizziness, vision problems, ulcers

Ibuprofen
Advil, Motrin IB, Nuprin
Treatment of tension headache; migraines
Gastrointestinal upset, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, rash, liver damage

Ketoprofen Actron
Prevention of tension headaches; migraines. Treatment of migraines Gastrointestinal upset, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, rash, liver damage

Nabumetone
Relafen
Prevention of tension headaches; migraines Constipation, heartburn, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
Naproxen
Aleve
Prevention of tension headaches; hormone headaches. Treatment of migraines Gastrointestinal upset, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, rash, liver damage
Diclofenac
Cataflam
Treatment of tension headache; migraines Stomach upset, bloating, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of appetite
Ketorolac
Toradol
Treatment of tension headache
Gastrointestinal upset, drowsiness, dizziness, vision problems, ulcers

Meclofenate Meclomen
Treatment of tension headache Nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, dizziness, drowsiness
Carisoprodol
Soma
Treatment of tension headache Dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, headache, nervousness, skin rash, bleeding
Orphenadrine citrate Norflex
Treatment of tension headache Drowsiness, dizziness, headache, nervousness, blurred vision

Methocarbamol
Robaxin
Treatment of tension headache Dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, darkening of urine
Cyclobenzaprine HCL Flexeril
Treatment of tension headache Dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness
Metaxalone
Skelaxin
Treatment of tension headache Drowsiness, dizziness, headache, nervousness

Strategies for Using Over-the-Counter Headache Pain Relievers

{

Over-the-counter pain relievers have been demonstrated to be safe when used |} as directed. But keep these steps in mind:

Know the active ingredients in each product. Be sure to read the whole tag. {
Do not exceed the recommended dosage on the package. |}
Carefully think about the best way to use pain relievers and all medications. It is simple to over-medicate yourself. {
Check with your doctor before taking products containing aspirin, aspirin, or naproxen if: you have a bleeding problem; asthma; recently had surgery or dental surgery or are going to have surgery; have blisters, kidney or liver disorders; or take some other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). |}
Check with your health care provider before taking acetaminophen if you have kidney or liver problems. How to Take Care of a Tension Headache

First, check that it really is a tension headache. Normally it causes Tightness or pressure at a band-like area around your forehead and mind. The pain won't be intense, either.

Medicine, stress relief, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are some of those Best ways to cure and prevent your tension headaches.

Medicines

You may frequently find relief on your own without visiting a doctor. Try out these Illness:

Acetaminophen
Aspirin
Ibuprofen
Naproxen |}

Medicines that unite acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine can also be helpful.

Studies show aspirin to be the OTC medication that works best for relieving Pain, and they show that aspirin works better than acetaminophen. Speak with your doctor about what is best for you.

Whichever type of over-the-counter pain relief you require, it is If you take too much medication, it may result in"rebound" or"medication overuse" headaches. In addition, it can lead to problems with your liver, kidneys, stomach, and other organs.

If OTC choices do not make your pain go away, your doctor might try

From time to time, neither of them eliminates pain. At that stage, your Physician Might move on to something more powerful, says Mark W. Green, MD, director of the Mount Sinai Center for Headache and Pain Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at New York. |}

Could You Quit a Tension Headache Without Medicine?

These drug-free methods aren't quick fixes because you'll need to learn how To use them. However, you might choose to think about them for the future.

This process utilizes an electronic machine to Measure how well your system relaxes. It's a way to train yourself to ease a tension headache.

Cognitive behavioral treatment . A therapist helps you to spot |} Thoughts and beliefs that cause you stress, which may cause a headache.

Some people today use massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture, too.

"The treatments with the most science supporting them are cognitive "These are the ones with the greatest levels of proof to support them"

Stop Your Headache Before It Begins

The best way to Manage tension headaches is to keep them from occurring In the first location. Attempt to determine what sets off your pain, and work to avoid these triggers. {Some common ones include:

Anxiety
Bad posture
insufficient sleep
Unhealthy eating habits
Smoking |}

"Stress reduction can Decrease stress episodes, as can good Posture, diet, and exercise," Green says. |} "People who sit at a computer all day don't go their neck. That is a cause."

If your anxiety headaches happen over four times per month, your Physician May suggest that you take medication to stop them. {These can include:

|}

Antidepressants for example:

{

Amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), and venlafaxine (Effexor)

|}

Anti-seizure drugs such as:

{

Topiramate (Topamax)
Gabapentin (Neurontin)

Tension Headache Diagnosis |}

If You've Got chronic or recurrent headaches, your doctor may conduct physical And neurological exams, then try to nail the type and cause of your headaches utilizing these strategies:

Your pain description

Your doctor can learn a great deal about your headaches in the description of your pain. {Be sure to include these details:

Pain characteristics. |} Can your pain pulsate? Or is it dull and constant? Sharp or stabbing?
Stress intensity. A fantastic indicator of the severity of your aggravation is how much you're able to work while you have it. Are you able to get the job done? Can your headaches wake you or keep you from sleeping?
Pain location. Can you feel pain throughout your mind, on only 1 side of your mind, or just on your forehead or behind your eyes?
Imaging evaluations

If You've Got unusual or complicated headaches, your doctor may order tests to Rule out serious causes of head pain, such as a tumor. Two common tests used to image your brain comprise:

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). |} An MRI scan combines a magnetic field, radio waves and computer technology to produce clear pictures. {
Computerized tomography (CT).
|} A CT scan is a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a run of computer-directed X-rays to offer a comprehensive view of your brain. Therapy

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Some people with tension headaches do not seek medical attention and try to Care for the pain on their own. Unfortunately, repeated use of over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers may actually cause another type of aggravation, overuse headaches.

Intense drugs

A Number of medications, both OTC and prescription, are available to reduce The pain of a headache, such as:

• Simple OTC pain relievers are typically the first line of therapy for reducing headache pain. Included in these are the drugs aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve). |}

Prescription medications include naproxen

Combination medications. Aspirin or acetaminophen or both are often combined with caffeine or a sedative drug in one medication. Combination drugs might be more powerful than are single-ingredient pain relievers. Many mix drugs are available OTC. {
Triptans and narcotics.
|} For those who experience both migraines and episodic tension headaches, a triptan can effectively relieve the pain of headaches. Opiates, or narcotics, are seldom used because of their side effects and potential for dependence. {
Preventive medications
|}

Your doctor may prescribe medications to Decrease the frequency and severity Of strikes, especially in the event that you have chronic or frequent headaches that are not relieved by pain medication and other therapies.

Preventive medications may contain:

{

Tricyclic antidepressants.

|} Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline and protriptyline, are the most commonly used medications to avoid tension headaches. Side effects of these medications may include constipation, drowsiness and dry mouth. {
Other antidepressants.
|} There also is some evidence to support using the antidepressants venlafaxine (Effexor XR) and mirtazapine (Remeron). |} {
Anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants.
|} { Other medications that may prevent tension headaches include anticonvulsants, such as topiramate (Topamax). |} More study is necessary.

Preventive medications may require a few weeks or more to build up in your So don't get frustrated if you haven't seen improvements soon after you begin taking the drug.

{

Your doctor will monitor your treatment to see how the preventive medication |} is working. In the meantime, overuse of pain relievers for your headaches might interfere with the effects of the preventive drugs.

Request an {Appointment at Mayo Clinic

Clinical trials |}

Research Mayo Clinic research testing new therapies, interventions and evaluations as a means to prevent, detect, cure or handle this disease. {

Lifestyle and home remedies |}

Rest, ice packs or a long, hot shower may be all you Want to relieve a tension headache. A number of strategies can help reduce the frequency and severity of chronic tension headaches without using medication. Try out some of the following:

Manage your stress level. One approach to help reduce stress is by planning ahead and organizing daily. Another way is to enable more time to relax. And if you're stuck in a stressful position, consider stepping back.
Move hot or cold. Applying heat or ice -- whatever you prefer -- to sore muscles may ease a tension headache. For heat, use a heating pad set on low, a hot-water jar, a warm compress or a hot towel. A hot bath or shower also may help. For chilly, wrap ice, an ice pack or frozen veggies in a fabric to protect your skin.
Perfect your posture. Good posture can help keep your muscles from tensing. After standing, hold back your shoulders and your mind level. Pull in your stomach and buttocks. When sitting, ensure that your legs are parallel to the floor and your mind is not slumped forward. Alternative Medication

The following nontraditional therapies may help if you have anxiety headache Pain:

Acupuncture. |} Acupuncture may offer temporary relief from chronic headache pain. Acupuncture professionals treat you using exceptionally thin, disposable needles that generally cause little pain or distress. The American Academy of Medical Acupuncture site provides referrals to medical doctors who use acupuncture in their clinics. {
Massage.
|} Massage can help reduce tension and relieve tension. It's especially effective for relieving tight, tender muscles at the back of your head, shoulders and neck. For many folks, it might also give relief from headache pain.
Deep breathing, biofeedback and behavior therapies. Many different relaxation therapies are beneficial in coping with anxiety headaches, such as deep breathing and biofeedback. Coping and encourage

Living with chronic pain can be difficult. |} Chronic pain can make you stressed Or depressed and affect your customs, your productivity and the quality of your life.

Here are some suggestions:

Talk to a therapist or counselor. Talk therapy might help you deal with the ramifications of chronic pain. {
Join a support group. |} Support classes can be good sources of advice. Group members often know about the newest treatments. Your doctor might have the ability to recommend a group in your area. Drugs & Medications Search

Considering taking drugs to treat Tension Headache? Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Tension Headache. Follow the hyperlinks to read common applications, side effects, dose details and read user testimonials for the medication listed below.

Your hunt for Tension Headache returned the following treatments.

Tips for Using Over-the-Counter Headache Pain Relievers
Over-the-counter pain relievers have been demonstrated to be safe when used as directed. But keep the following precautions in mind:
• Know the active ingredients in each product. Be sure to read the entire label.
• Do not exceed the recommended dosage on the package.
• Carefully consider how you use pain relievers and all medications. It is easy to over-medicate yourself.
• Check with your doctor before taking products containing aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen if: you have a bleeding problem; asthma; recently had surgery or dental surgery or are about to have surgery; have ulcers, kidney or liver disorders; or take any other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs).
• Check with your doctor before taking acetaminophen if you have kidney or liver problems.

How to Treat a Tension Headache
First, check that it really is a tension headache. Usually it causes tightness or pressure in a band-like area around your forehead and head. The pain won't be intense, either.
Medicine, stress relief, and keeping up a healthy lifestyle are some of the best ways to treat and prevent your tension headaches.
Medicines
You can often find relief on your own without seeing a doctor. Try these over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers:
• Acetaminophen
• Aspirin
• Ibuprofen
• Naproxen
Medicines that combine acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine are also helpful.
Studies show aspirin to be the OTC medication that works best for relieving pain, and they show that ibuprofen works better than acetaminophen. Talk to your doctor about what's best for you.
No matter which type of over-the-counter pain relief you take, it's important to use only the recommended amount. If you take too much medication, it can lead to "rebound" or "medication overuse" headaches. It can also cause problems with your liver, kidneys, stomach, and other organs.
If OTC options don't make your pain go away, your doctor might try prescription-strength pain relievers.
Sometimes, neither of these gets rid of pain. At that point, your doctor might move on to something stronger, says Mark W. Green, MD, director of the Mount Sinai Center for Headache and Pain Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine in New York.
Can You Stop a Tension Headache Without Medicine?
These drug-free methods aren't quick fixes because you'll need to learn how to use them. But you may want to consider them for the future.
Biofeedback. This process uses an electronic machine to measure how well your body relaxes. It's a way to train yourself to ease a tension headache.
Cognitive behavioral therapy. A therapist helps you to spot thoughts and beliefs that cause you stress, which can trigger a headache.
Some people use massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture, too.
"The treatments with the most science behind them are cognitive behavioral therapy and biofeedback," Green says. "Those are the ones with the highest levels of evidence to support them."
Stop Your Headache Before It Starts
The best way to deal with tension headaches is to keep them from happening in the first place. Try to figure out what sets off your pain, and work to avoid these triggers. Some common ones include:
• Stress
• Bad posture
• Not enough sleep
• Unhealthy eating habits
• Smoking
"Stress reduction can reduce tension headache episodes, as can good posture, diet, and exercise," Green says. "People who sit at a computer all day long don't move their neck. That can be a trigger."
If your tension headaches happen more than four times a month, your doctor may suggest that you take medicine to prevent them. These can include:
Antidepressants such as:
• Amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), and venlafaxine (Effexor)
Anti-seizure drugs such as:
• Topiramate (Topamax)
• Gabapentin (Neurontin)
Tension Headache
Diagnosis
If you have chronic or recurrent headaches, your doctor may conduct physical and neurological exams, then try to pinpoint the type and cause of your headaches using these approaches:
Your pain description
Your doctor can learn a lot about your headaches from a description of your pain. Be sure to include these details:
• Pain characteristics. Does your pain pulsate? Or is it constant and dull? Sharp or stabbing?
• Pain intensity. A good indicator of the severity of your headache is how much you're able to function while you have it. Are you able to work? Do your headaches wake you or prevent you from sleeping?
• Pain location. Do you feel pain all over your head, on only one side of your head, or just on your forehead or behind your eyes?
Imaging tests
If you have unusual or complicated headaches, your doctor may order tests to rule out serious causes of head pain, such as a tumor. Two common tests used to image your brain include:
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI scan combines a magnetic field, radio waves and computer technology to produce clear images.
• Computerized tomography (CT). A CT scan is a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a series of computer-directed X-rays to provide a comprehensive view of your brain.
Treatment
Some people with tension headaches don't seek medical attention and try to treat the pain on their own. Unfortunately, repeated use of over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers can actually cause another type of headache, overuse headaches.
Acute medications
A variety of medications, both OTC and prescription, are available to reduce the pain of a headache, including:
• Pain relievers. Simple OTC pain relievers are usually the first line of treatment for reducing headache pain. These include the drugs aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve).
Prescription medications include naproxen (Naprosyn), indomethacin (Indocin) and ketorolac (Ketorolac Tromethamine).
• Combination medications. Aspirin or acetaminophen or both are often combined with caffeine or a sedative drug in a single medication. Combination drugs may be more effective than are single-ingredient pain relievers. Many combination drugs are available OTC.
• Triptans and narcotics. For people who experience both migraines and episodic tension headaches, a triptan can effectively relieve the pain of both headaches. Opiates, or narcotics, are rarely used because of their side effects and potential for dependency.
Preventive medications
Your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce the frequency and severity of attacks, especially if you have frequent or chronic headaches that aren't relieved by pain medication and other therapies.
Preventive medications may include:
• Tricyclic antidepressants. Tricyclic antidepressants, including amitriptyline and protriptyline, are the most commonly used medications to prevent tension headaches. Side effects of these medications may include constipation, drowsiness and dry mouth.
• Other antidepressants. There also is some evidence to support the use of the antidepressants venlafaxine (Effexor XR) and mirtazapine (Remeron).
• Anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants. Other medications that may prevent tension headaches include anticonvulsants, such as topiramate (Topamax). More study is needed.
Preventive medications may require several weeks or more to build up in your system before they take effect. So don't get frustrated if you haven't seen improvements shortly after you begin taking the drug.
Your doctor will monitor your treatment to see how the preventive medication is working. In the meantime, overuse of pain relievers for your headaches may interfere with the effects of the preventive drugs.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic
Clinical trials
Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Rest, ice packs or a long, hot shower may be all you need to relieve a tension headache. A variety of strategies can help reduce the severity and frequency of chronic tension headaches without using medicine. Try some of the following:
• Manage your stress level. One way to help reduce stress is by planning ahead and organizing your day. Another way is to allow more time to relax. And if you're caught in a stressful situation, consider stepping back.
• Go hot or cold. Applying heat or ice — whichever you prefer — to sore muscles may ease a tension headache. For heat, use a heating pad set on low, a hot-water bottle, a warm compress or a hot towel. A hot bath or shower also may help. For cold, wrap ice, an ice pack or frozen vegetables in a cloth to protect your skin.
• Perfect your posture. Good posture can help keep your muscles from tensing. When standing, hold your shoulders back and your head level. Pull in your abdomen and buttocks. When sitting, make sure your thighs are parallel to the ground and your head isn't slumped forward.
Alternative medicine
The following nontraditional therapies may help if you have tension headache pain:
• Acupuncture. Acupuncture may provide temporary relief from chronic headache pain. Acupuncture practitioners treat you using extremely thin, disposable needles that generally cause little pain or discomfort. The American Academy of Medical Acupuncture website provides referrals to medical doctors who use acupuncture in their practices.
• Massage. Massage can help reduce stress and relieve tension. It's especially effective for relieving tight, tender muscles in the back of your head, neck and shoulders. For some people, it may also provide relief from headache pain.
• Deep breathing, biofeedback and behavior therapies. A variety of relaxation therapies are useful in coping with tension headaches, including deep breathing and biofeedback.
Coping and support
Living with chronic pain can be difficult. Chronic pain can make you anxious or depressed and affect your relationships, your productivity and the quality of your life.
Here are some suggestions:
• Talk to a counselor or therapist. Talk therapy may help you cope with the effects of chronic pain.
• Join a support group. Support groups can be good sources of information. Group members often know about the latest treatments. Your doctor may be able to recommend a group in your area.
Drugs & Medications Search
Considering taking medication to treat Tension Headache? Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Tension Headache. Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read user reviews for the drugs listed below.
Your search for Tension Headache returned the following treatments.
Drug Name
Indication Type
User Reviews

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Fioricet oral
409 User Reviews

butalbital-acetaminophen-caffeine oral
233 User Reviews

Fiorinal oral
84 User Reviews

Fiorinal-Codeine #3 oral
60 User Reviews

Fioricet with Codeine oral
46 User Reviews

Bupap oral
45 User Reviews

Prodrin oral
42 User Reviews

butalbital-aspirin-caffeine oral
41 User Reviews

isometheptene-dichloralphenazone-acetaminophen oral
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Esgic oral
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